Write 300-500 words in response to the following prompts:

In the reading, the composer George Lewis compares what he calls the “Afrological” principle of improvisation in modern experimental music, which he associates with musicians such as Charlie Parker, with the “Eurological” principle of John Cage and his circle. Lewis’s distinction is not only aesthetic and technical but also political. What political implications did bebop improvisation have, in Lewis’s view? By contrast, what ideas lay behind Cagean conceptions of improvisation?