Part 1A

Read the attached article, and then respond to the question at the top in this space. Feel free to comment on other students’ postings. attached below (Ancient China)

Part 2A

Choosing a Topic

For this assignment, you will identify a topic that interests you, write a summary about that topic. Write a formal summary similar to a course assignment but you will not do any research, you will not cite your sources nor use any quotes. Write your summary based on your current knowledge about your topic.

The research in this course will address your summary assignment. Thus choose a topic that you are interested in, that you are passionate about, it may be a hobby or a topic relevant to your career, this will make the research process easier and perhaps even fun?

Once your submission is graded you will strategize about how to search for information on your topic by selecting keywords. Your will determine the kind of resources you will need, for example, do you need encyclopedias for background information, books, scholarly or informative articles or websites.

Your will use our college library to locate two non-fiction books and three informative or scholarly articles from Taft College Library. (Links to an external site.)

Submission Instructions for Research Summary Assignment

Include your name and course information, followed by your summary, and the following (note that the questions should be in bold typeface but your answers should not be in bold typeface):

  1. What is your research topic?
  2. What is a specific research question related to your topic, that you would like to explore through your research in this class?
  3. What are some keywords related to your topic?
  4. Will you be using this research in another class, or at work? If so, please indicate how you will be using it, and the nature of the other course or work assignment.

Submit your answers to the questions in doc, docx, or pdf format.

Use this sample assignment (Attched below) to format your paper in Times New Roman, 12 points.

Part 2B

Once you have worked on an open-ended research question you may begin searching for your sources. When you experience difficulties in finding your sources go back to your keywords and think of synonyms or different keywords.

Keywords can be words or phrases directly stated in your research question. They can also be words or phrases that are related to the topic but not explicitly stated in your research question, such as synonyms or related concepts.

Think about your topic and research question, then explore and write down all the possible words you could use that might yield relevant results.

View this

Information Timeline (Links to an external site.)courtesy of Seattle Central Community College Library. This video explores how

  • researchers are able to match their research needs to different source types.
  • different sources of information serve different purposes.
  • the importance of identifying the purpose of different sources in order to research effectively.

Discussion: Refer to our textbook and write a couple of sentences defining middle truncation. Include in-text citation and work citation in MLA format, 8th edition.

Part 3A


On December 11, 2018, college student Gunnar Hassard was arrested and charged with a violation of New York State Penal Code Section 240.31(3), a felony for Aggravated Harassment, which is classified as a hate crime. Hassard posted flyers on poles, a building and a public board students utilize for public notifications and political events. The flyers were posted over the Jewish Holiday of Hanukkah. The flyer was a recreation of a movie poster from a 1967 satirical film called “The Producers” which included a picture of Adolph Hitler, a swastika, a German city, a yellow smiley face next to Hitler and the words “Don’t be stupid, be a smarty and join the Nazi Party”. The New York law bans the swastika under certain circumstances and deems it as intent to harass, annoy, threaten or alarm another person.

Review New York Penal Code 240.31(3) Link. (Links to an external site.) Compare the Penal Code section with the the New York criminal cases of People v. Dietze Link (Links to an external site.) and People v. Golb (section III) Link (Links to an external site.) Utilizing the cases and your textbook to discuss the following questions;

1). Do you think the the law passes constitutional scrutiny, is vague, or is it overbroad? Why?

2). Do you think the government can or should criminalize a symbol and utilize it’s mere presence as criminal intent to harass, annoy, threaten or alarm?

Part 3B

Answer the questions below from the textbook or/and other sources. Ensure to utilizing the formatting examples provided. Your responses to these questions should be typed, 12 point font,with your response for each question no longer than 150 words in length. Double-spacing requirements do apply, but you must cite any sources used in your responses.


1. Textbook Section 3.1 question #3, case of Stoger v. California . Give a brief description of the case, then answer in detail why the United States Supreme Court held that the California sex offenders statue of limitations was unconstitutional.

2. Read United States Supreme Court Justice O’Connor’s concurring opinion and Justice Scalia’s dissenting opinion (Links to an external site.)in Lawrence v. Texas . Answer in detail the following two questions.

•Why did Justice O’Connor feel the Texas sodomy law was unconstitutional?

•What was Justice Scalia’s reasoning for allowing the law to stand?